The Most Interesting places
Moscow is a vibrant and fascinating city that is steeped in history and culture. from its iconic landmarks to its hidden gems, there is always something to discover in this bustling metro0polis. here are a few of the most interesting places to visit in Moscow:
The Kremlin is certainly the main metropolitan attraction. He is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The red fortress is visible from almost every point in the center of the capital, so getting to it will not be difficult. Familiar from photographs from guidebooks red toothed walls with a length of 2235 meters cover the territory of 27.5 hectares. And although not all of it is open to visitors, for example, the entrance is closed to the presidential residence with a simple mortal. But it is worth allocating to visit the Kremlin with its many museums and architectural attractions built from XIV to the XIX century all day.
Red Square is an arena of many important events of Russian history and the history of the Soviet state, a place of mass demonstrations of the working capital and parades of the Armed Forces of Russia.
Even in ancient times, the area appeared on the eastern wall of the Kremlin, where lively trade was noisy. In the 16th century, it was called Troitskaya from the name of the church of St. Trinity, standing on the site of the Cathedral of Vasily Blessed. In the Middle Ages, fires often blazed here, so the square had another name – “fire”. Since the mid -17th century, it began to be called “red”, which in the Old Russian language meant “beautiful.”
Modern Red Square is a continuous stone, but it acquired this species only in the 19th century, and before that it was mainly wooden. The cobblestone area was completely panted in 1804.
Address: Red Square, 7, Moscow ( Metro station Okhotny ryad )
Alleys of the old park will lead from Red Square to the Kremlin embankment. The garden is part of the grandiose plan for the restoration of Moscow after the fire of 1812. This is a symbol of the revival of the capital, the memory of the victory over Napoleon. The picturesque memorial complex (the project of the architect Osip Bow) retained the original layout. The main entrance is still adorned with openwork gates with double-headed eagles. The symbolic meaning of the park resembles the “Italian grotto.” In addition to interesting historical objects, here you can see exquisite sculptural and landscape compositions.
Address: Alexander Garden ( Metro station Alexander garden )
Moscow State University
Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Moscow State University) is one of the oldest classic universities in Russia, as well as the largest and lead center of Russian science and culture. He was named after Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov in 1940. The building was erected in 1953, until 1990, its height is 183 m. (With a spire-240 m.) Thirty-seven years the main building of Moscow State University was the highest building throughout Europe and still remains one of the highest buildings in Moscow.
In the facade lining, different types of natural stone were used, two dials with a diameter of 8.74 m were installed on each towers. Exclusive details of the building of the building are huge thermometer and barometer. On the 32nd floor of the case there is a magnificent observation deck,
The central part of Moscow State University has 36 floors. In this part there are a rector, laboratories and general university audiences, libraries, food enterprises, etc.
The eighteen -story buildings with towers up to the twenty -fourth floor diverge from the central part. The nine -story sectors, also occupied by dormitories and a hotel, diverge from these sectors, also diverge. In the towers adjacent to the main building, residential apartments of professors and teachers are located.
Address: Microdistrict Leninskiye Gory, 1 ( Metro station Lomonosovsky prospect )
Gorky Park is the central park of the capital, whose territories are visited by more than 40,000 people on weekdays and 25,000 on weekends and holiday days. Since 2011, the park sets new standards, becoming the first world-class park in Russia, a space for recreation, sports, dancing and outdoor games.
the entrance is free
Opening hours: daily, around the clock
Address: st. Krymsky Val, 9, Moscow
The Ostankino TV Tower is a television and broadcasting tower located near the Ostankino television center, not far from the VDNKh metro station in the Ostankino district of Moscow. Height – 540.1 m , as of December 2018 – the 11th highest free-standing facility
Opening hours: daily, 10: 00–23: 00
Address: st. Academician Korolev, 15, Bldg. 1, Moscow
Moscow International Business Center “Moscow-City” (MIBC “Moscow-City”) is a business district under construction in Moscow on Presnenskaya Embankment. Currently, it is administratively part of the Presnensky district of the Central Administrative District of Moscow.
OPERATION MODE OF MOSCOW-CITY VIEWING AREAS
Outdoor observation deck: Mon-Fri 12:00 – 23:50, sub-Fri 10:00 – 23:50.
Closed observation deck: Mon-Fri 10:00 – 00:00.
Address: Presnenskaya nab., 8, bld. 1, Moscow, Russia
The Botanic Garden “Apothecaries’ Garden”
The botanic garden of Moscow State University is the oldest Russian establishment of its kind that still exists on its original site, and was founded by Peter the Great in 1706 as a Apothecary where medicinal plants were grown and studied by students of the Medical School. It was transformed into a botanic garden proper in 1805. The park has approximately 200 types of shrubs and trees, some of which are 300 years old, and the collection in includes a willow that is the oldest tree in central Moscow and a larch planted by Peter the Great himself. TheGarden’s orangeries contain a large collection of tropical and subtropical plants, many of which were donated to the garden at the beginning of the 19th Century
opening hours: daily, 10: 00–21: 00
Address: 129090, Moscow, 26 Prospect Mira
It is better to start a walk along the Sparrow Hills from the Moscow State University building (from the Universitet metro station 10 minutes on foot). Walking along the Alley of Scientists, you will come to the observation deck. You will see the domes and skyscrapers of the capital, the picturesque bend of the Moskva River and the Luzhniki Stadium, located on the opposite bank, in full view. In order not to climb the mountain on foot, use the cable car “Luzhniki – Vorobyovy Gory”. From one bank of the river to the other – five minutes, during the trip you will have time to enjoy beautiful views of the river and Luzhniki. From this high bank of the Moskva River, Russian monarchs, book heroes and numerous conquerors looked at the great city, including in 1812 Napoleon looked at the city from here. The name of the Sparrow Hills immortalizes the name of the Vorobyov boyars, who owned the village of Vorobyovo here back in the 14th century! The boyars received this land from the Moscow princes themselves for their diligent service.
Opening hours: daily, around the clock
Address: Leninsky Prospect, 32A, p. 1, Moscow
Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill
The memorial complex with an area of 135 hectares commemorates the events of 1941-1945. Here, in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, among the huge number of valuable exhibits, the Books of Memory (about 1500 volumes) with the names of the fallen defenders are kept. In the 1970s-1980s, 194 million rubles were collected from the subbotniks and personal contributions of citizens for the construction of a monumental monument. The construction of the Victory memorial complex began in 1984: it was opened on the fiftieth anniversary of the Victory, May 9, 1995.
EXHIBITION COMPLEX VDNH
VDNKh (Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy) is at the same time the largest architectural and park complex and a museum showing the heyday, prosperity and development of the Soviet era. Here the atmosphere of the past and the present is organically combined and preserved.
The exhibition opened in August 1939 to showcase the best achievements of the national economy and was supposed to demonstrate the festivity and brightness of life and work in the USSR. From the very beginning, the exhibition represented a city-park. Each union republic had its own pavilion with colorful architecture in the national style, where it sought to present folk crafts and the best creations of its artists, jewelers, weavers, winemakers.
Vera Mukhina’s sculpture “Worker and Collective Farm Girl” was transported from Paris from the Expo-37 exhibition. It is still considered a symbol of VDNKh.
During the Great Patriotic War, motorcycles for the front were assembled on the territory of the exhibition, and a reconnaissance school worked. And at the same time, the shooting of the cult film “The Pig and the Shepherd” was taking place with embellished pictures of the happy life of the Soviet people, friendly work for the benefit of the prosperity of the motherland.
Now thousands of unique exhibits fill the new pavilions: “Culture”, “Space”, “Engineering”. It hosts book fairs and international exhibitions. VDNH continues to amaze guests with beautiful flower beds, alleys and famous fountains “Friendship of Peoples” and “Stone Flower”.
Visitors will see an interactive museum inside the model of the Buran orbital ship, they can walk along its corridors and compartments, and even land a rocket plane at the Baikonur Cosmodrome themselves.
You can swim with dolphins or see unprecedented fish in the Moskvarium at VDNKh, one of the largest aquariums in the world.
In pavilion No. 75 on an area of 121 square meters, an architectural model of Moscow is presented – 9000 buildings, streets and squares.
In the summer, an amusement park is open at VDNKh and people roller-skate and ride bicycles along the pedestrian expanses. The Green Theater awaits guests in the open air for concerts and performances.
In winter, the territory of the exhibition turns into the main skating rink of the capital, with an artificial ice cover of 20,000 square meters. It does not matter if there are no skates or rollers. Sports equipment rentals are open in winter and summer. And at any time of the year there are cafes and restaurants in the exhibition pavilions and in the fresh air.
VDNH is the largest cultural and exhibition center and a public park in Moscow.
Novodevichy Convent – one of the most beautiful monasteries in Moscow, today belongs to the Historical Museum. But services are also held in churches. This monastery was built in 1524 by Grand Duke Vasily III, father of Ivan the Terrible, in honor of the return of the Smolensk land, which was captured by the Lithuanians. And they consecrated the monastery in the name of the miraculous Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God. It took several tons of silver to build it. By the way, during the reign of Grozny, only women belonging to the royal family lived here.
There is no consensus on why the monastery is called Novodevichy. According to one version, there used to be a field on the site of the monastery, where the most beautiful Moscow girls were chosen and sent as a tribute to the Golden Horde. According to another, the first abbess of the monastery had the nickname Devochkina. And the third version – the most probable – that the monastery was intended for girls, and the prefix “new” appeared to distinguish it from another convent located in the Kremlin itself.
During the Patriotic War of 1812, the monastery miraculously escaped destruction. According to legend, at the last moment, the nuns managed to extinguish the fuses leading to the powder kegs, lit by the retreating army of Napoleon, and put out the fire that began in the monastery.
Later, the monastery was the richest in Moscow, as noble women lived here, who brought their jewelry as a donation – items made of gold and silver.
The sister and first wife of Peter I lived in the monastery, and in the first half of the 18th century, orphan girls lived here, who were taught needlework.
In 1922, the monastery was closed and turned into a museum, the collection of which included icons, paintings, old handwritten books, jewelry made of gold and pearls. Today, the museum continues to be located here, and nuns live and work on the territory of the church.
Aquapark KVA-KVA PARK
This water park has a wave pool, a lagoon, 7 slides, a playground and a swimming pool, spa pools, hydromassage, jacuzzi, Russian bath (steam room), Finnish sauna, Turkish hammam, sauna with an amusement oven, Japanese furako font, sanarium.
For children in the water park there is a special children’s town where children can ride the slides, shoot from water cannons, enjoy children’s attractions with fountains and even stand under a real waterfall. On the territory of the water park there is a restaurant with a mythological interior of “Troy”, designed in the spirit of the ancient city and accommodating more than a hundred guests.
The world-famous interactive attraction “Upside Down House” has now appeared in Moscow. An architectural exposition of postmodernism overturned into everyday life in our country at the All-Russian Exhibition Center.
Its creators, having studied world experience, filled their creations with the most successful and popular solutions in the field of design and architecture of such structures. Having crossed the threshold, or rather the architraves, of the “Changeling House at the All-Russian Exhibition Center”, guests will find themselves in a special space. Thanks to hanging household items, furniture and the ceiling underfoot, the vestibular apparatus of visitors to the overturned dwelling will be put to a special test. The sensations experienced by the involuntary inhabitants of the “shift houses” are close to the effect of riding a roller coaster. It is also achieved thanks to the special slope of the house.
The interior of the “Changeling House” at the All-Russian Exhibition Center imitates the decoration of an average European cottage. Standard furniture, utensils from ordinary department stores, and even a subcompact car in the garage. But all this average economy appears in an unusual perspective.
At VDNKh, in the immediate vicinity of the Cosmos pavilion, one of the most interesting sights of Moscow is located: the Moskvarium Aquarium, which opened in August 2015, has become the largest not only in our country, but also in Europe.
From the very opening, the box office of the oceanarium is crowded. There are always a lot of people who want to see the aquariums and their inhabitants, housed in a modern four-story building. According to experts, the Moskvarium exposition can be compared with the world-famous Siam Ocean World in Bangkok. An additional plus are the numerous marine shows that are held in the aquarium.
The total area of “Moskvarium” is 53 thousand “squares”, which housed the Aquarium (about eight dozen aquariums of different sizes and shapes with twelve thousand individuals of marine and river fish and animals: rays, crocodile fish and other representatives of marine fauna), Water show (on the last two floors of the complex there is an auditorium with a stage-pool, the depth of which is fourteen meters; performances are held here with the participation of trained marine animals, which can be watched by 2300 people at the same time) and the Swimming Center with dolphins, which includes seven full-fledged pools (located on the fourth floor of the complex).
Exhibition areas are located on the second floor, as well as viewing windows of pools with beluga whales, dolphins and killer whales.
In addition to viewing the aquariums, Moskvarium invites visitors to become spectators of one of the many shows held here. If you come here on any Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday, by half past seven in the evening, you can watch the feeding of piranhas, and on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at two o’clock in the afternoon, the most famous predators of the planet, sharks, are fed in aquarium No. 73.
Visiting the aquariums is allowed both independently and as part of excursion groups. An audio guide is available.
For the convenience of visitors, Moskvarium provides recreation areas, a children’s area, a cafe and toilet rooms. The building is designed in such a way that it is fully accessible for people with disabilities.
Dream Island is Russia’s first and Europe’s largest indoor world-class theme park. It consists of 9 fairy-tale worlds with famous cartoon characters, a city promenade and a landscape park.
Thematic areas of the park:
– Village of the Smurfs;
– Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles;
— Hello Kitty;
– Hotel Translevania;
– Mowgli in the land of dinosaurs;
– Dream Race
– Abandoned house;
– Castle of the Snow Queen;
– Fairy village.
In the zones of the park there are themed attractions for adults and children with a complete immersion in the world of fairy-tale characters. There is the only slide in Russia with VR technologies, a spherical cinema with dinosaurs and holographic shows. Fairy-tale characters participate in show programs and tell interesting stories to visitors. A trip here is an opportunity for a child to communicate with their favorite characters and approach huge prehistoric lizards.
On the city promenade zone, guests will be able to walk along the streets of Rome, Barcelona, London and Beverly Hills, and take pictures against the backdrop of world attractions. In the landscape park there are children’s, family and sports grounds, a dance floor, an open-air cinema and a maze of plants.
A concert hall for 3,500 people, a cinema hall for 17 halls, a hotel, an embankment and a children’s yacht school are being prepared for the opening.
Tickets cost from 1,900 to 7,900 rubles, children up to 90 centimeters tall are free.
The ticket gives unlimited access to all rides, interactive entertainment, shows and character encounters.
Park opening hours: Monday-Friday from 12:00 to 22:00; Saturday and Sunday from 10:00 to 22:00.
The promenade and landscape park are open daily from 10:00 to 22:00.
Parking hour: 100 rubles on weekdays, 200 rubles on weekends.
The Moscow Zoo was the first zoo opened in Russia. The year of foundation is 1864. The modern Moscow Zoo covers an area of more than 21 hectares, it contains more than eight thousand animals belonging to more than a thousand species of the world fauna. The zoo is a member of the World and European Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Eurasian Regional Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Participates in many international programs for the conservation of endangered species, collaborating with environmental organizations around the world. In the zoo, for a fee, you can visit the Exotarium, Dolphinarium, ride children in a carriage or on a pony. The Zoo has a Young Naturalists service, and popular science lectures are held. On the territory of the zoo you can take pictures with an amateur camera for free. Video filming with an amateur camera costs 25 rubles. For professional video filming, you must obtain a special permission from the administration, payment in each case is negotiated separately.
Happylon Amusement Park in Vegas Mall
Happylon in the Vegas shopping center is the largest indoor amusement park in Moscow. The total area of the two-level play space is 6000 sq. m.
Happylon Park is stylized as a pirate island, most of the rides are somehow connected with pirate themes and sea romance. Children and adults will feel like characters from the famous Pirates of the Caribbean franchise and take part in an exciting adventure.
In the Happylon Pirate Park, visitors will find entertainment for every taste: a Ferris wheel, a race track, extreme attractions, a rope town, trampolines, laser tag, labyrinths, video stimulators, a 5D cinema, etc. Having plenty of frolic in the park, you can relax in the Jolly Roger’s Tavern restaurant and taste original dishes.
Happylon is a family park where visitors of all ages will find their ideal pastime. Most of the entertainment is mobile, with a fair amount of adrenaline, which has a positive effect on health and mood.
The oceanarium on Dmitrovskoye shosse is the first and largest in Moscow. It is located in the entertainment center “RIO”. The oceanarium is divided into zones, one more interesting than the other. The polar zone with its main hosts, penguins. Tropical zone – Malawian cichlids live here, and next to them are birds of paradise, parrots, monkeys. The coral reef zone is very diverse: there are numerous corals of all shapes and colors, sea anemones, starfish, shrimps, sea urchins, atiases, spheromias, chrysipters, tamarins, dogfish, clown fish of various types and colors, angel fish, boxfish , surgeons, bright yellow zebrasomes. In the Amazon basin zone, both peaceful aravans, pacu and astronotus, as well as predatory piranhas in a separate aquarium, host. Nocturnal animals are given to “Mysterious caves” – Egyptian fruit bats and Mexican blind fish live there. The terrarium section of the aquarium is also rich: there are crocodiles, caiman turtles, chameleons, monitor lizards, geckos, various types of snakes. There is even a giant anaconda.
The main attraction of the oceanarium is the main aquarium with a transparent tunnel: it gives you the opportunity to see the underwater kingdom from the inside, feeling like a diver. There are also two interesting underwater shows in the aquarium – shark feeding and fur seal performance.
The intricate corridors of the “Mirror Maze” are a realm of light illusions, “endless” rooms and optical traps. If you hear a voice nearby, this does not mean that you can touch it. Strange music. Fascinating lighting. Alice in the Wonderland!)
Hang gliding in the club "Albatross"
The hang glider has no engine. To control the device, the pilot shifts his own center of gravity and looks for air currents. This simple technique allows you to manage the route, moving tens of kilometers. Albatros Club invites you to fly in tandem with an instructor on a hang glider Eros Target. These popular devices are easy to remove and easy to operate. And thanks to their aerodynamic qualities, you will be able to spend more time in the sky. Flight altitude – up to 500 meters. Landscapes near Moscow, which are clearly visible, the touch of air currents, the feeling of speed and the chill of height – the impressions will be unforgettable.